Recent research is showing that surgery might not be needed as often as we think.
A Finnish Degenerative Meniscal Lesion Study Group was published in the New England Journal of Medicine comparing meniscus surgery to sham surgery and concluded that “In this trial involving patients without knee osteoarthritis but with symptoms of a degenerative medial meniscus tear, the outcomes after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy were no better than those after a sham surgical procedure.”
A study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine entitled Sham surgery versus labral repair or biceps tenodesis for type II SLAP lesions of the shoulder: a three-armed randomised clinical trial concluded that “Neither labral repair nor biceps tenodesis had any significant clinical benefit over sham surgery for patients with SLAP II lesions in the population studied.”
There is a condition called Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS). The International Association for the Study of Pain defines FBSS as “Lumbar spinal pain of unknown origin either persisting despite surgical intervention or appearing after surgical intervention for spinal pain originally in the same topographical location.”